Catholic clergy shortage in the United States eased by African recruits

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Bro. Athanasius Abanulo celebrates mass at the Holy Family Catholic Church in Lanett, Alabama on Sunday, December 12, 2021. (AP / Jessie Wardarski)

Wedowee, Alabama – Bro. Athanasius Chidi Abanulo – using skills learned in his native African country to minister effectively in rural Alabama – determines how long he can extend his Sunday homilies depending on who sits on the benches.

Seven Minutes is the perfect location for predominantly white, retired parishioners attending mass in English at the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church in the small town of Wedowee. “If you go beyond that, you lose people’s attention,” he said.

For mass in Spanish an hour later, the Nigeria-born priest – one of the many African clergy serving in the United States – knows he can quadruple his teaching time. “The more you preach, the better for them,” he said.

As he moved from one American post to another, Abanulo learned to adapt his ministry to the culture of the communities he serves while infusing a little of the spirit of his homeland into the universal rhythms of Mass.

“Nigerians are relaxed when they come to church,” Abanulo said. “They love to sing, they love to dance. The liturgy can last two hours. They don’t care.”

Bro. Athanasius Abanulo stands behind a group of parishioners as they hold a special ceremony for the Lady of Guadalupe at the Holy Family <a class=Catholic Church in Lanett, Alabama on December 12, 2021. (AP / Jessie Wardarski)”/>

Bro. Athanasius Abanulo stands behind a group of parishioners as they hold a special ceremony for the Lady of Guadalupe at the Holy Family Catholic Church in Lanett, Alabama on December 12, 2021. (AP / Jessie Wardarski)

During his 18 years in the United States, Abanulo served in various chaplain and pastor positions across the country, embodying a current trend in the American Catholic Church. As fewer and fewer U.S.-born men and women enter seminaries and convents, U.S. dioceses and Catholic institutions have turned to international recruiting to fill their vacancies.

The Diocese of Birmingham, where Abanulo heads two parishes, has broadened its search for clergy to thriving places with religious vocations such as Nigeria and Cameroon, said Birmingham Bishop Steven Raica. African priests were also essential in the Michigan diocese where Raica previously served.

“They have been of tremendous help to us in being able to provide the breadth and reach of ministry that we have,” he said.

Africa is the fastest growing region of the Catholic Church. There, the seminaries are “quite full”, declared the Jesuit father. Thomas Gaunt, director of the Center for Applied Research on the Apostolate at Georgetown University, which conducts research on the Catholic Church.

It’s different in the United States, where the Catholic Church faces significant hurdles in recruiting local clergy, after decades of declining church attendance and the damaging effects of widespread sexual abuse scandals. of the clergy.

Catholic women and married men remain excluded from the priesthood; arguments that lifting these prohibitions would alleviate the shortage of priests have not gained popularity with the highest leaders of the faith.

“What we have is a much smaller number from the 1970s entering seminaries or convents across the country,” Gaunt said. “Those who entered the 1950s and 1960s are now seniors, so the numbers are much more determined by mortality.”

From 1970 to 2020, the number of priests in the United States fell by 60%, according to data from the Georgetown center. This left over 3,500 parishes without a resident pastor.

Abanulo oversees two parishes in rural Alabama. Her typical Sunday begins with a mass in English at the Holy Family Catholic Church in Lanett, about 200 miles from Birmingham, along the Alabama-Georgia border. After that, he is driven an hour north to Wedowee, where he celebrates a mass in English, another in Spanish.

“He takes to singing and at a lot of his lectures it’s linked to his childhood, and I love hearing those stories,” said Amber Moosman, a first grade teacher who has been a parishioner at Holy Family since 1988.

For Moosman, Abanulo’s preaching style is very different from the priests she has witnessed before. “There wasn’t all of a sudden, the priest is singing, nothing like that.… It was very calm, very ceremonial, very strict,” she said. “It’s very different now.”

Bro Athanasius Abanulo, left, chats with siblings Germany and Samantha Gonzalez at Holy Family Catholic Church in Lanett, Alabama on December 11, 2021. (AP / Jessie Wardarski)

Bro Athanasius Abanulo, left, chats with siblings Germany and Samantha Gonzalez at Holy Family Catholic Church in Lanett, Alabama on December 11, 2021. (AP / Jessie Wardarski)

Abanulo was ordained a priest in Nigeria in 1990 and arrived in the United States in 2003 after a stint in Chad. His first role in the United States was as Associate Pastor in the Diocese of Oakland, California, where his ministry focused on the growing Nigerian Catholic community. Since then he has been chaplain and pastor of a hospital in Nashville, Tennessee, and chaplain at the University of Alabama.

Amid the clergy shortage in the United States, nuns have seen the biggest declines, dropping 75% since 1970, according to the Georgetown center.

When Sr. Maria Sheri Rukwishuro learned that she was being sent from the Order of the Sisters of the Child Jesus to Zimbabwe in West Virginia to work as a missionary nun, she asked her mother superior: “Where is West Virginia? ?

She was afraid, worried about strangers.

“What kind of people am I going to talk to? I’m just a black nun coming to a white country,” Rukwishuro told The Associated Press in Clarksburg, West Virginia, where she teaches education. religious to public and Catholic school students since his arrival. in 2004.

Rukwishuro vividly remembers that at her presentation a little girl walked up to her and “rubbed her finger on my fingers all the way down, then she looked at her finger and she smiled but my heart went out. collapsed … She thought I was dirty “. Despite this, Rukwishuro says most people have been very welcoming. She is now an American citizen and says, “It feels right at home.

One of its first culture shocks was an overnight snowfall. “I really screamed. I thought it was the end of the world,” she said. “Now I love it. I do my meditations on it.”

Michele and Frank Varisco, left, pray with Fr. Athanasius Abanulo and Evelyn Smith, right, before having lunch at the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church in Wedowee, Alabama on Sunday, December 12, 2021. (AP / Jessie Wardarski)

Michele and Frank Varisco, left, pray with Fr. Athanasius Abanulo and Evelyn Smith, right, before having lunch at the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church in Wedowee, Alabama on Sunday, December 12, 2021. (AP / Jessie Wardarski)

As they integrate into American life, it is common for newly arrived clergy to experience cultural shocks.

For the Eucharistic Heart of Jesus, Sr Christiana Onyewuche from Nigeria, chaplain of a Boston hospital administering the last sacraments for the dying, it was a cremation. She remembered thinking, “Like really? … How can they burn someone? I can’t even imagine.”

She arrived in the United States 18 years ago and previously served as president of the African Conference of Catholic Clergy and Religious in the United States, a support group for African missionaries serving in the United States.

Onyewuche said African clergy may face communication challenges with the Americans they serve. To remedy this, many dioceses have offered trainings to soften the accents, she said. Abanulo, who took the training in Oakland, says it helped him slow down his speech and improve his pronunciation.

Abanulo, who moved to Alabama in 2020, admits he was initially worried about his last assignment, which meant swapping a comfortable role as college chaplain for two rural parishes.

“People were like ‘Father, don’t go. People over there are rednecks,’” he said.

But after a year and a warm welcome, he says he now tells his friends, “There are no rednecks here. All I see are necks of Jesus.

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